What is ADHD?


what is adhd

What is ADHD?

ADHD is a disorder that affects people of all ages. It causes problems with paying attention, staying focused and controlling impulses.

To get a diagnosis, your doctor must observe your behavior in at least two settings and see that your symptoms significantly interfere with your life. ADHD can also cause emotional and relationship problems.

Signs and Symptoms of ADHD

People with ADHD can have trouble paying attention, settling down, or listening. These difficulties can interfere with their work, school, and relationships. They can also be a source of frustration and shame for them, their parents, and teachers.

Symptoms vary from person to person, but most people with ADHD have some combination of symptoms. Some have only symptoms of inattention, while others have primarily hyperactivity-impulsivity or mixed symptoms. The most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) classifies these symptoms into three subtypes:

In children, doctors usually recognize ADHD by its early signs, such as restlessness or difficulty concentrating. They usually make the diagnosis by examining a child and reviewing their medical history. They will use the DSM-V to assess the symptoms and determine if they are severe enough to cause problems in more than one setting. For a child to be diagnosed, the symptoms must have been present for six months and caused problems in at least two settings, such as home and school. In adults, symptoms are more likely to appear as a result of long-lasting childhood problems and might be overlooked. Adults with untreated ADHD often have comorbid disorders, such as anxiety and mood disorders.

Types of ADHD

Once upon a time, doctors classified ADHD into three subtypes. Hyperactive and impulsive symptoms were referred to as “ADHD,” while inattentive problems like trouble listening were called “ADD.” Now, according to the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), physicians will use behavioral criteria to define each type of presentation.1

Physicians will diagnose people with primarily hyperactive-impulsive ADHD when they exhibit 6 of the 9 hyperactive-impulsive ADHD symptoms listed in DSM-5. These include fidgeting with hands or feet, interrupting others frequently, blurting out unrelated thoughts, and difficulty waiting for their turn in class or during activities.

People with primarily inattentive ADHD have trouble following instructions and staying focused on tasks. They make careless mistakes, often in schoolwork, at work or when performing chores or household tasks. They find it difficult to manage sequential tasks, keep materials in order or complete work on schedule. They forget to return calls, pay bills or follow through on promises. They frequently misplace things, including school or work materials, keys and wallets. They have difficulty remembering important events and birthdays. They may also struggle with keeping track of their own schedules and appointments.

Causes of ADHD

A person’s genes may contribute to ADHD, but many non-genetic factors also appear to play a role. These include lower birth weight, exposure to toxins during pregnancy and smoking or drinking alcohol while pregnant. People with ADHD seem to have problems with the frontal lobe of their brains. Researchers are investigating whether this is due to genetics, environmental influences or issues with fetal development at key developmental stages.

People with the predominantly inattentive presentation type have trouble concentrating during lectures, conversations or reading; staying organized; and following instructions. They are more likely to lose things important for their work or school (for example, books, keys, tools, wallets, papers and eyeglasses). They tend to be forgetful, often making careless mistakes or failing to complete homework and assignments.

The predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD has more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity, such as fidgeting, interrupting others and acting before thinking through the consequences. This type of ADHD is less common and most commonly occurs in younger children. Some children show a combination of both types, so they are diagnosed with the combined presentation type. In some cases, a child may have severe ADHD symptoms but don’t meet the official criteria for either the inattentive or hyperactive/impulsive presentation type. In these cases, providers assign “unspecified ADHD” as the diagnosis.

How is ADHD Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of ADHD in children, adolescents or adults can be challenging. The first step is to make an appointment with a licensed mental health professional or physician. Look for a psychiatrist, psychologist, neurologist or family doctor who specializes in mental illness. Also check with your insurance to see if there are professionals covered by your plan who are trained in diagnosing ADHD.

The provider will ask you and your child or adolescent about symptoms and how they affect your life. This is called a clinical interview. The doctor will also request feedback through rating scales from teachers, caregivers and other people who spend a lot of time with your child or adolescent. Broad-spectrum tests may be used to screen for other psychiatric problems or medical issues such as sleep apnea or thyroid conditions.

A diagnosis of ADHD is based on the presence of specific symptoms and how they interfere with your or your child’s functioning at school, work and home. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition Text Revision (DSM-5) provides guidelines providers use to diagnose ADHD. The provider will also determine whether the symptoms are primarily inattentive or hyperactive/impulsive or a combination of both.

Treatsments for ADHD

For kids with ADHD, their parents may need to advocate for them at school. Teachers can offer support and help with behavioral training. They can also refer kids to a health care provider for an evaluation. A mental health professional can diagnose a child with ADHD by interviewing and observing them. They can also review school records and questionnaires completed by the child’s teacher and other caretakers. They will also run tests to rule out other disorders with similar symptoms.

Many people with ADHD find relief from lifestyle changes. These include ensuring they get enough sleep, exercise and healthy foods. They also try to avoid foods and drinks with artificial colors and preservatives, which may trigger symptoms. They take regular breaks during work or school to relieve stress and improve focus.

Psychotherapy can also ease symptoms. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to help with core ADHD symptoms like self-esteem, emotion regulation and time management in multiple studies. Find a therapist who specializes in CBT and has worked with adults with ADHD. Other talk therapies, such as metacognitive therapy, can help improve organizational skills and thinking distortions that cause poor problem-solving or planning. They can also teach coping and stress management techniques, which are important for people with ADHD.

ADHD in Adults

Many people who are diagnosed with ADHD as children continue to struggle with undiagnosed symptoms into adulthood. This can cause problems at work, in relationships and at home. If not treated, adults may become depressed or discouraged because of the difficulty they have managing their lives and handling daily tasks. They may also feel they are being labeled as lazy, irresponsible or stupid.

The main symptoms of ADHD in adults are trouble concentrating, staying focused and controlling their emotions. This makes it hard to complete school, work and other important activities. Inattentive ADHD (sometimes called ADD) is the most common type of ADHD in adults and makes it difficult to complete school or work tasks. It can also make it hard to play games or take part in leisure activities quietly.

Hyperactive and impulsive ADHD (sometimes called ADHD-PI) is the second most common type of ADHD in adults. It makes it difficult to sit still or listen during lectures, conversations and reading. It can also make it hard to wait for their turn at games or leisure activities.

Stimulants are the most common medications used to treat ADHD in adults. These are designed to increase certain brain chemicals that help you focus and be less impulsive. They can be a great treatment option, but they may interact with some other common prescription medications, so it’s important to discuss them with your health care provider.

ADHD Medication

Some people with ADHD find that medicines help them focus and control their behaviour. The most commonly used medicines for treating ADHD are called stimulants, and they work by increasing activity in parts of the brain involved in attention. Methylphenidate is the most common stimulant used for children, teenagers and adults with ADHD. It is taken as either immediate-release tablets (small doses are taken regularly, usually twice a day) or as modified-release tablets (taken once a day in the morning, with the medicine released slowly throughout the day).

Stimulant medications can cause side effects like loss of appetite, headaches, upset stomach and changes to blood pressure and heart rate. If they are not monitored properly, they can also cause a drop in energy level and mood that some people call the “crash effect”. Some stimulants can trigger or make worse tics. They can also lead to a minor delay in growth, especially in teens and young adults.

Medications can take a few weeks to work, and people with ADHD often need to change the dosage to get the right balance of benefits and side effects. The doctor will start with a low dose and gradually increase it, a process called titration. They will then check blood pressure and heart rate regularly while the person is taking the medication.

Let’s talk about my concerta experience. We’ll discuss the benefits, side effects and dosage of concerta during this video. It’s primary use it to treat Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In this video, you’ll hear hear an honest review on Concerta.

00:00 Intro
00:19 Video Agenda📑
00:55 Transition From Ritalin To Concerta
01:12 Benefits Of Ritalin😇
01:25 My Dosage Of Concerta
01:32 One Dose (Morning) / Day
01:40 Does It Really Work?
01:56 Who Is It Appropriate For?
03:11 Withdrawals
04:13 Concerta Vs Adderall
04:49 Concerta Vs Vyvanse
06:24 Consider This Before Trying Concerta
06:45 Side-Effects
07:30 Does It Initiate Fat Loss?
08:18 Sleep Deprivation and Other Benefits Of Concerta

WELCOME to my youtube channel and during this video, I’m talkIng about concerta, this is 27 milligrams and it can do some miraculous things when it comes to helping you with your focus, concentration and mood. Let this video be your guide, we’ll go over my concerta experience. I’ll compare it to other alternatives, like: Concerta vs Adderall, concerta vs Vyvanse, Concerta vs Ritalin and I’ll go over some of the most common concerns about it, such as Concerta side effects, the Concerta dosage, concerta for a weight loss.

I used concerta for about 3 years on and off and it was my experience was that it is absolutely fantastic, it absolutely works… but the comedowns and the crash were bad enough to make it be an overall negative experience… and for that reason, I’m not a user and I never plan to touch the stuff again. Initially I began taking it after I used Ritalin. Ritalin was used to help me with school. They suggested it because I was having trouble studying… I would read and regress to the beginning of the paragraph repetitively, and it was just damn hard to pay attention. So, I was on Ritalin at a very small dose, and Ritalin was great… it would help you to concentrate for a couple of hours. However, it only lasted 2-3 hours and for this reason, I made the switch to concerta. I started at 18 mg and then went up to 27 milligrams.

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