Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
A child with ADHD may receive negative feedback from their teachers and parents. Peers may look down on him or her and they may not know how to play with their friends. Adults may be penalized by their family members and supervisors at work. Children may also face social stigma if they are not diagnosed in time. Here are some signs and symptoms of ADHD. This article is not a comprehensive guide to ADHD. But it will give you an idea of the various aspects of the disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of ADHD
Although ADHD is usually unrecognized in childhood, there are many people who suffer from it. They may be labelled as a “dreamer,” “slacker,” or “troublemaker.” Fortunately, if the symptoms were caught early enough, they could have learned to compensate. However, adults with ADHD often have trouble managing their responsibilities, and may end up skipping doctor appointments. Here are some signs that you might be experiencing symptoms of ADHD.
Children with ADHD often fail to sit still. They may start conversations before they’re completed, or they may blurt out their answers before they’re fully thought out. They may also be uncooperative, causing other children to interrupt them or a parent to take over their activities. They may feel restless and impulsive, but these behaviors are also signs of ADHD. Many of these symptoms overlap with other conditions.
ADHD can be difficult to diagnose, and some other conditions may mimic symptoms of ADHD. Because there is no specific blood test for this disorder, a full psychiatric evaluation is required. While there are no specific tests to detect ADHD, computer-based assessments are helpful in assessing the severity of the symptoms. Even though the cause is not always clear, the most common treatment for ADHD is therapy. A doctor will examine the symptoms and determine the right course of treatment.
Types of ADHD
There are different types of ADHD, each with its own set of symptoms. Type 1 kids show symptoms of hyperactivity while type 2 kids display symptoms of inattention. Children with type 1 ADHD tend to be less obnoxious and disruptive than their counterparts. Moreover, they might appear shy and daydreamy. They may not be disruptive in class, but they may have trouble paying attention. Regardless of their symptoms, these kids display significant problems with hyperactivity and inattention.
In the DSM-IV study, only one-third of patients had symptoms of the hyperactive/impulsive subtype. The other three subtypes were not significantly different from each other. However, hyperactive/impulsive ADHD patients reported higher levels of agitation, compared with those with the inattentive subtype. While it is not possible to make a definitive diagnosis, it can help the doctor decide how to treat the condition.
Researchers have concluded that a child’s genetic makeup plays a significant role in the development of the disorder. Children with this disorder have abnormal growth of their corpus callosum, which is essential for communication between the two halves of the brain. Genetics may also play a role in the development of ADHD. There has been some research to suggest that ADHD runs in families. In this way, a parent with the disorder will be more likely to have the symptoms.
Causes of ADHD
If you think your child has ADHD, there are several causes you should consider. One of these causes is brain injury. Children with ADHD have underdeveloped frontal lobes. The frontal lobe is responsible for impulse control, long-term memory, and learning. Underdeveloped lobes lead to behavioral problems in children with ADHD. Other possible causes are stress or a lack of nutrition. In any case, it is important to understand the causes and consequences of ADHD symptoms, so you can find a treatment plan that is effective for your child.
Environmental factors are also associated with ADHD. Studies have linked maternal smoking to the development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. However, this association is not conclusive, and more research is needed to make sure. Furthermore, scientists believe that the development of ADHD is related to the exposure to toxins and other environmental factors. However, the effects of these environmental factors on children are unknown, and they should be treated with caution. To date, there is no reliable evidence to support any of these theories.
Although the occurrence of ADHD can be genetically hereditary, the exact cause is unknown. Although inherited traits such as brown eyes are more likely to occur in identical twins, the effects of genetics on the development of ADHD are not consistent across all families. However, genetics have been found to play an important role in the development of ADHD. It is possible to have a genetic predisposition to the disorder if both parents have it.
How is ADHD Diagnosed?
The symptoms of ADHD are listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Although this is still the basis for a diagnosis for children, most clinicians go beyond these guidelines. During an evaluation, a doctor will conduct a clinical interview using a standardized ADHD rating scale and will also perform screening tests to rule out common co-occurring conditions. For adults, the evaluation will be much less extensive.
To get a diagnosis for ADHD, your child must exhibit symptoms that significantly impair daily functioning. You must also have had these symptoms for at least 6 months. However, if these symptoms begin at an earlier age, it is possible that the symptoms might not be noticed until the child is older. Once you have been diagnosed with ADHD, it is important to get the appropriate treatment so that the symptoms will improve. Once treatment has begun, you can use the diagnosis as a springboard for success.
Once you have been diagnosed with ADHD, you will need to meet the criteria listed by the American Psychological Association. This diagnosis requires that you exhibit 6 of the symptoms and that they significantly impair your child’s functioning in at least two different settings. The DSM-V criteria is not universally accepted by physicians, which means that some patients may not be diagnosed with the condition until later on in life. Children with ADHD are more likely to be twice exceptional. The inattentive form of ADHD is more likely to appear in adulthood.
Treatsments for ADHD
Adults with ADHD need to be evaluated by a doctor as early as possible, especially if symptoms are not controlled. If medications are necessary, they should be changed every three to six months, until the symptoms disappear or improve. About 60% of adults with ADHD experience improvement in quality of life and reduced symptoms with treatment. Comorbid conditions like depression and drug abuse are also common. Treatments for ADHD are available for both children and adults.
Behavioral treatment focuses on teaching the child self-control, verbal self-instruction, and problem-solving strategies. Parents can also apply behavioral techniques to their child, when medication is not appropriate. Behavioral therapy may include learning to play a role and teaching your child to work as a team. Children with ADHD often have difficulty interpreting their own internal cues and impulsivity, making it difficult for them to learn when they should not behave.
Cognitive behavioral therapy involves teaching specific skills for managing behaviors and changing negative thinking patterns. It may help people deal with stress, mental health conditions, and substance abuse, as well as improve communication and problem-solving skills. Some types of psychotherapy are designed to improve relationships between family members and enhance self-esteem. If your spouse is suffering from ADHD, it may be beneficial to discuss the diagnosis with your spouse to help them find the best possible treatment for their spouse.
ADHD in Adults
A doctor can diagnose ADHD in adults using a variety of measures, including the Wender rating scale, the Copeland symptom checklist, and the Brown scale. These tests may be helpful in the initial evaluation of a patient, but they should not be used as the only criteria for a diagnosis of adult ADHD. A high score on these tests may also be indicative of other psychiatric conditions or even substance abuse. So, what can be done?
The symptoms of ADHD in adults are similar to those of the disorder that affected children. These include restlessness and impulsivity. Children with ADHD often appear to be “driven by a motor,” blurting out their answers before they are fully formed. They may also have difficulty waiting in line or with other people. These symptoms are a significant hindrance in social interaction and relationships. As such, it’s vital to seek a doctor’s diagnosis to avoid further complications.
If a child was diagnosed with ADHD, it can often go unrecognised through childhood. Many children with ADHD had it labeled as a slacker, dreamer, or troublemaker. They may have been able to compensate for their symptoms while they were young. However, as an adult, symptoms of ADHD may be more difficult to handle, which makes it critical for parents and other adults to seek medical attention for ADHD.
ADHD medications are stimulants that help improve communication between brain areas. These medicines increase attention, concentration, and self-control. ADHD medication doesn’t cure the disorder, but it can help manage symptoms and prevent them from becoming severe. Some medications may contain additives, or behavioral treatments may be added to them. Common stimulants include methylphenidate, atomoxetine, and escitalopram. Short-acting methylphenidate, for example, is available as a tablet, capsule, or liquid.
If you’re considering ADHD medication as a treatment, it is crucial to learn all about it. Your doctor will likely adjust the dosage, and keep track of side effects. If your child experiences severe side effects, such as irritability, mood swings, or excessive drowsiness, contact a mental health professional to discuss the issue. Also, you should communicate with your doctor to reduce the dosage and side effects of the medication.
Other medications used to treat ADHD include bupropion, sold under the brand name Wellbutrin. Bupropion increases levels of the chemical messenger norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. By increasing norepinephrine, the patient may have improved attention and impulse control. Some medications for ADHD are available in the market, including atomoxetine, guanfacine, and clonidine. The dosages vary according to the symptoms and the body’s metabolism.
Dr. Stephanie Sarkis explains the ways anxiety can surface in children with learning and thinking differences and offers suggestions that could help you and your child better manage it.
Click here to subscribe to UNDERSTOOD: w
Connect with UNDERSTOOD:
Resources, videos and more: g
Like UNDERSTOOD on Facebook: d
Follow UNDERSTOOD on Twitter: g
Follow Understood on Pinterest: /
Copyright © 2019 Understood for All, Inc. All rights reserved.