ADHD Treatment and Tips – ADHD Explained

In this video we will cover ADHD. In addition we will discuss some tips and tricks for dealing with it and lastly we will highlight some common treatment options. So make sure to watch the whole video so you won’t miss any valuable information.

This video is part of a videoseries on mental health problems. Find the playlists here:
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What is ADHD?
It stands for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The DSM-5 specifies that people with ADHD experience inattention and/or hyperactivity, which interferes with their functioning and/or development.

– In order to be diagnosed with ADHD 5 or more of the following symptoms of inattention need to have been present for at least 6 months:
Someone with ADHD often fails to pay attention to details, makes careless mistakes, has trouble holding attention, does not seem to listen, does not follow instructions through, has trouble organizing, dislikes or avoids tasks that require mental effort, often loses things, is easily distracted and is forgetful.
– And/or in order to be diagnosed with ADHD 5 or more of the following symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity should have been present for the last 6 months.
Someone with ADHD often fidgets or taps with his/hers hands or feet, leaves the seat in situations when it is expected to remain seated, runs or climbs in situations where this is inappropriate, can’t play quietly, talks excessively, blurts out an answer before a question has been completed, has trouble waiting on his/hers turn and interrupts or intrudes on others.

In addition to be diagnosed with ADHD some of the previously mentioned symptoms must have been present before the age of 12, the symptoms must be present in two or more settings,, the symptoms must clearly interfere with someone’s social, school or work functioning and the symptoms can only be explained by ADHD and not by another mental disorder.

How is ADHD caused?:
Genetics are thought to determine about 75% of all cases, but the following environmental factors could also increase someones risk: alcohol intake during pregnancy, smoking during pregnancy, a premature birth, a low birthweight, extreme neglect, abuse, or social deprivation.

How common is ADHD?
New studies indicate that the percentage of the population with ADHD depends per community and country, but the global prevalence is between 2-7%. With an average of around 5%.

Treatment plan:
– Visit your doctor for a medical examination.
– Take good care for yourself. Try to get 7-9 hours of sleep each night, maintain a structured sleeping schedule, eat enough vegetables and vitamines, drink about 2L of water each day and try to exercise regularly.
– Try these tips: create structure, break tasks into manageable pieces, limit distractions, exercise regularly, try out-loud thinking, try to pause a moment before talking or replying, take breaks and try to stay calm.
– Medication: it may help to reduce someone symptoms, increase concentrations and may improve someone functioning in sociale, school and/or work situations. Commonly prescribed medicine for ADHD are: methylphenidate, lisdexamfetamine, dexamfetamine, atomoxetine and guanfacine.
– Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy. This can be followed individually or in a group-setting. In psychotherapy the underlying psychological problems and the symptoms are address, with the aim to overcome these and replace these with healthier behavior. Psychotherapy usually lasts 6 weeks up to several months.
– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) aims to help you manage problems by changing how you think and act. It uses a range of psychological techniques to help you come to terms with your symptoms.
– Psycho-education, parent training and education programmes could also help.

– Disclaimer: this video and the comments are meant purely informational! This is not medical advice! If you are looking for medical advice always contact your own doctor. –

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Literature:
1: Legg T.J. Porter E. (2018). Parenting Tips for ADHD: Do’s and Don’ts. Healthline.
2: Faraone S.V. Banaschewski T. Coghill D. Zheng Y. Biederman J. Bellgrove M.A. Wang Y. (2021). The World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement: 208 evidence-based conclusions about the disorder. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
3: CDC. (2021). What is ADHD?
4: NHS. (2018). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The images in this video are used for educational purposes only. Most of the images and video material in this video come from

Music:
1. Verified Picasso, Fish Room
2. Patrick Patrikos, Good Times
3: Patrick Patrikios, Rockville

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